DETERMINATION OF AUTODYNE OSCILLATOR PARAMETERS BY THE BEATING METHOD
The research results of oscillator internal parameters influence the features of dynamic autodyne characteristics formation in the case of external oscillator signal influence are presented. The equivalent circuit with a single-circuit oscillating system is considered as a model of the autodyne oscillator. Abbreviated equations are obtained by an averaging method and then they are
linearized for small disturbances in a vicinity of the steady-state mode. The obtained characteristics for the beating mode are compared with characteristics of autodynes for short-range radar technology. The essential differences in behavior of the oscillator with acting the external oscillator and the oscillator with acting the own reflected signal have been found. The physical sense of the frequency dispersion phenomenon for the autodyne frequency deviation in the vicinity of hypothetical “zero” beating is discovered. The research results of dynamic autodyne characteristics in the frequency conversion mode of signals modulated on amplitude or frequency are given. It is shown that to suppress the spurious harmonics of the beating frequency, it is advisable to take additional measures for generated frequency stabilization in autodyne frequency converters, for instance, using the external feedback in the oscillator or using the external high-Q resonator. The adequacy of theoretical conclusions is
confirmed by results of experimental investigations of the hybrid-integrated module of 8 mm-range made on the basis of the planar two-meza Gunn diode. Oscillator characteristics obtained by the beating method are compared with results of investigation fulfilled with the help of modulation characteristics. It is shown that errors in experimental determination of dynamic characteristics of autodyne oscillators caused by frequency limitations of a pin-diode typical for the modulation characteristic method can be eliminated. Problems of practical application of obtained results in real radar systems using autodyne oscillators
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