INVESTIGATION OF A MILLIMETER-WAVE RADIO LINK CHARACTERISTICS OF IEEE 802.11AD STANDARD IN URBAN AREAS
Keywords:millimeter-wave, bandwidth, IEEE 802.11ad standard, 5G networks
Background. The explosive growth in the use of mobile broadband is significantly increasing the bandwidth requirements. Millimeter-wave spectrum is necessary for 5G networks to achieve data transfer rates of the order of Gb/s, in particular, for the provision of 3D video services, and the use radio modules for millimeter-wave frequencies as picocells in the streets will expand the capabilities of existing cellular networks and provide an increase in bandwidth. Therefore, the study of the characteristics of this spectrum is an urgent task today.
Objective. The purpose of the paper is to present the results of studying the characteristics of a millimeter-wave radio link to ensure high-speed user access to IP data transmission networks and the possibility of using the IEEE 802.11ad standard in open areas.
Methods. Structural and functional methods of constructing a millimeter-wave wireless network in urban areas based on IEEE 802.11ad standard hardware are investigated.
Results. The studies were carried out using a test bench with a point-to-point topology deployed in an urban environment (Kiev) with the line of sight without significant obstacles. The studies tested the possibility of using for millimeter-wave hardware technologies of the IEEE 802.11ad standard, which is used indoors, for applications in urban areas.
The use of a narrow beam antenna based on an antenna array allows adaptive control of the radiation pattern to bypass small obstacles blocking direct transmission, which allows reducing interference and receive/transmit a signal.
Conclusions. Experimental testing of the hardware capabilities of the IEEE 802.11ad standard has been carried out. Scenarios for constructing a millimeter-wave radio link under various weather conditions have been worked out.
Keywords: millimeter-wave; bandwidth; IEEE 802.11ad standard; 5G networks
S. Kravchuk, L.Afanasieva Wireless cooperative relaying without maintaining a direct connection between the source and target receiver terminals// Information and Telecommunication Sciences. – No 2, рр. 5-11, 2019 (DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/2411-2976.22019.5-11 )
M. Shafi, A. F. Molisch, P. J. Smith et al., “5G: A tutorial overview of standards, trials, challenges, deployment, and practice,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 1201–1221, 2017.
Y. Niu, Y. Li, D. Jin, L. Su, and A. V. Vasilakos, “A survey of millimeter wave communications for 5G: Opportunities and challenges,” Wireless Netw., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 2657–2676, Sep. 2014.
Kravchuk S., Afanasieva L. Best relay selection algorithm for wireless networks with cooperative relaying In: Proceedings of the 2019 International Conference on Information and Telecommunication Technologies and Radio Electronics (UkrMiCo), Odessa, Ukraine, 9–13 September 2019, pp. 1–4. IEEE Conference Publications (2019). 10.1109/UkrMiCo47782.2019.9165410. (IEEE Xplore Digital Library)
S.O. Kravchuk, L.O. Afanasieva, “Exploring the possibility of use hardware technology 60 GHz the IEEE 802.11AD for applications in urban development”, Dig. of the 15th International Scientific conf. “Modern Challenges in Telecommunications”, april 12-16, 2021, Kyiv, Ukraine, pp. 186-188, 2021
T. Rappaport, S. Sun, R. Mayzus et al., “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: it will work!,” IEEE Access, vol. 1, pp. 335–349, 2013.
Y. Zhang, D. J. Love, N. Michelusi, J. V. Krogmeier, S. Jyoti, A. Sprintson, et al., "Improving millimeter-wave channel models for suburban environments with site-specific geometric features", Proc. Int. Appl. Comput. Electromagn. Soc. Symp. (ACES), pp. 1-2, Mar. 2018.
D. Chikhale and S. Deosarkar, "Recent trends in millimeter wave communication", Proc. Int. Conf. Commun. Signal Process. (ICCASP), pp. 586-591, 2017.
I. A. Hemadeh, K. Satyanarayana, M. El-Hajjar and L. Hanzo, "Millimeter-wave communications: Physical channel models design considerations antenna constructions and link-budget", IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 870-913, 2nd Quart. 2018.
T. S. Rappaport, Y. Xing, G. R. MacCartney, A. F. Molisch, E. Mellios and J. Zhang, "Overview of millimeter wave communications for fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks—With a focus on propagation models", IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 65, no. 12, pp. 6213-6230, Dec. 2017.
Y. Zhu, Z. Zhang, Z. Marzi et al., “Demystifying 60GHz outdoor picocells,” in Proceedings of the 20th ACM Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, MobiCom 2014, pp. 5–16, September 2014.
X. Wang, L. Kong, F. Kong, F. Qiu, M. Xia, S. Arnon, et al., "Millimeter wave communication: A comprehensive survey", IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 1616-1653, 3rd Quart. 2018.
T. S. Rappaport, G. R. MacCartney, M. K. Samimi and S. Sun, "Wideband millimeter-wave propagation measurements and channel models for future wireless communication system design", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 63, no. 9, pp. 3029-3056, Sep. 2015.
K. Sakaguchi et al “Millimeter-wave Evolution for 5G Cellular Networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun, vol. E98-B, no. 3, pp.338-402, Mar. 2015
K. Nguyen, M. G. Kibria, K. Ishizu, and F. Kojima, “Empirical investigation of IEEE 802.11ad network,” in Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC Workshops), pp. 192–197, Paris, France, May 2017.
M. Alloulah and H. Huang, "Future millimeter-wave indoor systems: A blueprint for joint communication and sensing", Computer, vol. 52, no. 7, pp. 16-24, Jul. 2019.
T. Tsukizawa et al, “A fully integrated 60 GHz CMOS Transceiver Chipset Based on WiGig/IEEE802.11ad with Built-in SelfCalibration for Mobile Applications,” in IEEE ISSCC Dig. Tech. Papers, Feb. 2013, pp.230-231
G. R. MacCartney et al., "Millimeter wave wireless communications: New results for rural connectivity", Proc. 5th Workshop All Things Cellular Oper. Appl. Challenges, pp. 31-36, Oct. 2016.
K. Sakaguchi, T. Haustein, S. Barbarossa et al., “Where, when, and how mmwave is used in 5G and beyond,” IEICE Transactions on Electronics, vol. E100.C, no. 10, pp. 790–808, 2017.
K. Haneda et al., "Indoor 5G 3GPP-like channel models for office and shopping mall environments", Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. Workshops (ICCW), pp. 694-699, May 2016.
. Samarakoon, M. Bennis, W. Saad, M. Debbah and M. Latva-Aho, "Ultra dense small cell networks: Turning density into energy efficiency", IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1267-1280, May 2016.
IEEE Std 802.11ad-2012 (Amendment to IEEE Std 802.11-2012, as Amended by IEEE Std 802.11ae-2012 and IEEE Std 802.11aa-2012. Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications Amendment 3: Enhancements for Very High Throughput in the 60 GHz Band,” pp. 1–628, 2012.
M. Mezzavilla et al., "End-to-end simulation of 5G mmWave networks", IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 2237-2263, 3rd Quart. 2018.
H. Singh, R. Prasad and B. Bonev, "The studies of millimeter waves at 60 GHz in outdoor environments for IMT applications: A state of art", Wireless Pers. Commun., vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 463-474, May 2018.
M. K. Samimi, T. S. Rappaport and G. R. MacCartney, "Probabilistic omnidirectional path loss models for millimeter-wave outdoor communications", IEEE Wireless Commun. Lett., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 357-360, Aug. 2015.
R. W. Heath, N. González-Prelcic, S. Rangan, W. Roh and A. M. Sayeed, "An overview of signal processing techniques for millimeter wave MIMO systems", IEEE J. Sel. Topics Signal Process., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 436-453, Apr. 2016.
J. Du and R. A. Valenzuela, "How much spectrum is too much in millimeter wave wireless access", IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1444-1458, Jul. 2017.
S. Rangan, T. S. Rappaport and E. Erkip, "Millimeter-wave cellular wireless networks: Potentials and challenges", Proc. IEEE, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 366-385, Mar. 2014.
Duarte, L.; Gomes, R.; Ribeiro, C.; Caldeirinha, R. A Software-Defined Radio for Future Wireless Communication Systems at 60 GHz. Electronics 2019, 8(12):1490. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8121490.
T. Nitsche, C. Cordeiro, A. B. Flores, E. W. Knightly, E. Perahia, and J. C. Widmer, “IEEE 802.11ad: Directional 60 GHz communication for multi-gigabit-per-second Wi-Fi,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 52, no. 12, pp. 132–141, 2014.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.